HYE KATCH DO LIBRARY 

Translations

Rank (Kyu)

  • Kohai – Student

  • Sempei – Master Student

  • Sensei – Master/Teacher

  • Renshi – Wise Master

  • Shihan – Grand Master

Uniform (Gi) /Training Place (Dojo)

  • Gi – Uniform

  • Obi – Belt

  • Dojo – Training Place

  • Hombudojo – Main Dojo/Central Dojo

  • Tatami – Mats

Warriors

  • Mu Shin – No Emotion

  • San Shin – Absolute Awareness

  • Samurai – Japanese Knight

  • Ronin – Traveling Samurai w/o a Master

  • Nipon – Japan

  • Ninja – Shadow Warrior

Counting System

  • Ich – One (1)

  • Ni – Two (2)

  • San – Three (3)

  • Shi – Four (4)

  • Go – Five (5)

  • Roku – Six (6)

  • Sich – Seven (7)

  • Hach – Eight (8)

  • Ku – Nine (9)

  • Ju – Ten (10)

Techniques

  • Tettsui – Hammerfist

  • Uke – Blocks

  • Vaza – Technique

  • Kumite – Match/Contest

  • Mavate – Turn Around

  • Geri – Kick

  • Zuki – Punch

  • Tobi – Jump

  • Empi – Elbow

  • Ushiro – Backwards

  • Os – Agreed

  • Barai – Sweeping

  • Fuji – Eternal and Holy

  • Mate – Stop

  • Hajime – Begin

Translations/ Martial Arts Styles

  • Aikido – Way of Harmony

  • Bushido – Way of the Warrior

  • Judo – The Gentle Way

  • Karate – Empty Hand

  • Kung Fu – Hard Work

  • Tae Kwon Do – Way of Kicking and Punching

  • Jiu-Jitsu – Art of the Gentle Way

  • Budo – Martial Art

  • Kobudo – Weapons Martial Art

  • Kenpo – Way of the Fist

  • Ki – Energy

  • Kyu – Rank

  • Ryu – School

  • Marg – The Way (Indian)

  • Tao – The Way (Chinese)

  • Do – The Way (Japanese)

  • Kata – Forms

Definitions

Atemi Waza

            A Japanese phrase for various techniques of attacking nerves and other vital points.

Bodhidharma

            An Indian monk who brought martial arts to the Shaolin Temple.

Bushido

The rigid code of conduct that Japanese warriors followed. The code promotes honor, obedience, and bravery, among other things.

Dan

            The advanced or black belt ranks of a martial arts system.

Kadgamala

A karate style that our sensei studied for 20 years. It means “The Way of the Flying Spear”. It was founded in 1988-89 by Shihan Lemmens.

 

Katana

The famous Samurai sword. It is slightly curved and can be used with one or two hands. The katana is made by folding layers of steel over a soft iron core to create a blade that is both hard and flexible. No sword holds a sharper edge!

 

Kiai

A shout that is used in many martial arts to focus one’s efforts. It can make an opponent hesitate or sometimes even freeze in place.

Ninja

Spies and commandos for Japanese warlords for almost fourteen hundred years. Though they were formidable warriors, they still were no match for fully armored Samurai. To compensate, the Ninja turned to stealth and trickery, creating all sorts of James Bond-like devices including, smoke grenades, miniature bows, and hang gliders.

 

Samurai

A member of the special warrior class of feudal Japan. Samurais lived and died by the warrior’s code called Bushido.

Yin/Yang Symbol

The Taoist symbol that represents ideas and forces that are opposite yet go together. Examples include light and dark, hot and cold, and man and woman. Martial artists often used the symbol to represent the balance between mind and body.

Martial Arts Around the World

Africa               Re-Efi Areh-Ehsee

 

Armenia          Koch

                         Hye Katch Do (Way of the Brave Armenian Warrior)

 

Brazil               Capoeira

 

China               Kung-Fu (Hard Work)

 

France             Savate

 

Indonesia        Pentjak Silat

 

Israel               Hisardut

 

Japan              Aikido (Way of Harmony)

                        Judo (The Gentle Way)

                        Jiu-Jitsu (Art of the Gentle Way)

                        Karate (Empty Hand)

 

Korea              Hapkido

                        Tae Kwon Do (Way of Kicking and Punching)

 

Philippines     Kali (Blade)

 

Thailand         Muay Thai (Thai Boxing)

 

USA                Jeet Kune Do

                        Kickboxing